Geoinformatics is the science and technology dealing with the structure and character of spatial information, its capture, its classification and qualification, its storage, processing, portrayal and dissemination, including the infrastructure necessary to secure optimal use of this information. (P.L.N. Raju)
GIS, or geographic information systems, are computer-based tools used to store, visualize, analyse, and interpret geographic data. Geographic data (also called spatial, or geospatial data) identifies the geographic location of features. These data include anything that can be associated with a location on the globe, or more simply anything that can be mapped. (www.cdc.gov)
Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) refers to a constellation of satellites providing signals from space that transmit positioning and timing data to GNSS receivers. The receivers then use this data to determine location. (www.euspa.europa.eu)
Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) is defined as a framework of policies, institutional arrangements, technologies, data, and people that enables the sharing and effective usage of geographic information by standardizing formats and protocols for access and interoperability. (openknowledge.worldbank.org)
Problem-based learning (PBL) is a student centered pedagogy in which students learn about a subject through the experience of solving an open-ended problem found in trigger material. The PBL process does not focus on problem solving with a defined solution, but it allows for the development of other desirable skills and attributes. This includes knowledge acquisition, enhanced group collaboration and communication.
Business-academia cooperation based on business-driven cases and problem-based learning should be platform for courses modernization and model for inclusion of businesses in technology driven courses in geoinformatics and related disciplines.